It may surprise you to learn that despite the ubiquity of flying machines in the 21th century, it only takes a few repetitions of “how?” to reduce explanations of flight to frustrated handwaving. Things fly (or swim) by pushing around a “fluid”, and fluids have a mischievous way of appearing tame in some settings and intractably unruly in others.
- Navier-Stokes is beautiful and terrible
- The turbulence problem
- Our intuitions work against us
- Crude yet effective empirical models
- Fortunately, computers